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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated in English as CEFR or CEF or CEFRL (compared to the German abbreviations GeR or GeRS, the French abbreviation CECR, the Italian QCER, or the Spanish MCER), is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and, increasingly, in other countries. It was put together by the Council of Europe as the main part of the project “Language Learning for European Citizenship” between 1989 and 1996. Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe. In November 2001, a European Union Council Resolution recommended using the CEFR to set up systems of validation of language ability. The six reference levels (see below) are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual’s language proficiency.
El Marco Común Europeo de Referencia para las lenguas: aprendizaje , enseñanza, evaluación , [ 1 ] abreviado en Inglés como MCER o CEF o MCERL ( en comparación con el abreviaturas GER alemán de Gers, el CECR siglas en francés , el QCER italiano o el MCER español ) , es una guía utilizada para describir los logros de los estudiantes de lenguas extranjeras en toda Europa y , cada vez más, en otros países . Fue elaborado por el Consejo de Europa como la parte principal del proyecto ” Aprendizaje de idiomas para la ciudadanía europea ” entre 1989 y 1996. Su objetivo principal es proporcionar un método de aprendizaje, la enseñanza y la evaluación que se aplica a todas las lenguas de Europa. En noviembre de 200 , una resolución del Consejo de la Unión Europea recomienda el uso del Marco Europeo de Referencia para establecer sistemas de validación de la capacidad lingüística . Los seis niveles de están llegando a ser ampliamente aceptado como el estándar europeo para la clasificación de la competencia lingüística de un individuo .
0:36So I get off the plane, and I come to TED. And I think, jeez, I’m in the middle of a room of successful people! So why don’t I ask them what helped them succeed, and pass it on to kids? So here we are, seven years, 500 interviews later, and I’m going to tell you what really leads to success and makes TEDsters tick.
0:56And the first thing is passion. Freeman Thomas says, “I’m driven by my passion.” TEDsters do it for love; they don’t do it for money.
1:04Carol Coletta says, “I would pay someone to do what I do.” And the interesting thing is: if you do it for love, the money comes anyway.
1:11Work! Rupert Murdoch said to me, “It’s all hard work. Nothing comes easily. But I have a lot of fun.” Did he say fun? Rupert? Yes!
1:22TEDsters do have fun working. And they work hard. I figured, they’re not workaholics. They’re workafrolics.
1:31Alex Garden says, “To be successful, put your nose down in something and get damn good at it.”There’s no magic; it’s practice, practice, practice.
1:39And it’s focus. Norman Jewison said to me, “I think it all has to do with focusing yourself on one thing.”
1:45And push! David Gallo says, “Push yourself. Physically, mentally, you’ve got to push, push, push.” You’ve got to push through shyness and self-doubt.
1:54Goldie Hawn says, “I always had self-doubts. I wasn’t good enough; I wasn’t smart enough. I didn’t think I’d make it.”
2:01Now it’s not always easy to push yourself, and that’s why they invented mothers.
2:06(Applause) Frank Gehry said to me, “My mother pushed me.”
2:13Serve! Sherwin Nuland says, “It was a privilege to serve as a doctor.”
2:19A lot of kids want to be millionaires. The first thing I say is: “OK, well you can’t serve yourself; you’ve got to serve others something of value. Because that’s the way people really get rich.”
2:30Ideas! TEDster Bill Gates says, “I had an idea: founding the first micro-computer software company.” I’d say it was a pretty good idea. And there’s no magic to creativity in coming up with ideas — it’s just doing some very simple things. And I give lots of evidence.
2:46Persist! Joe Kraus says, “Persistence is the number one reason for our success.” You’ve got to persist through failure. You’ve got to persist through crap! Which of course means “Criticism, Rejection, Assholes and Pressure.”
3:01So, the answer to this question is simple: Pay 4,000 bucks and come to TED.
3:08Or failing that, do the eight things — and trust me, these are the big eight things that lead to success.
3:14Thank you TEDsters for all your interviews!
See you! MARITE
15:25 (hace 16 minutos)
Saludos atte. Marcelo Yavico
De: María Teresa Gambino
Enviado: domingo 3 julio 15:18
Asunto: 8 pieces of advice to achieve success! TED TALKS